Etiologies of Anemia

Etiologies of Anemia - #39

Take Quiz

Identify and define various etiologies of anemia in older adults.

Elderly patients in the outpatient or inpatient setting with chronic anemia.

List most common etiologies and evaluation of anemia in the elderly.

• Define the nomenclature for various levels of anemia in elderly patients.
• Outline a basic evaluation for anemia in elderly patients.


  1. Guralnik JM, Eisenstaedt RS, Ferrucci L, et al. Prevalence of anemia in persons 65 years and older in the United States: evidence for a high rate of unexplained anemia. Blood. 2004; 104:2263-2268.
  2. Pang WW, Schrier SL. Anemia in the elderly. Curr Opin Hematol. 2012; 19:133-140.
  3. Price EA, Mehra R, Holmes TH, Schrier SL. Anemia in older persons: etiology and evaluation. Blood Cells, Molecules, and Disease. 2011; 46:159-165.
  4. Steensma DP, Tefferi A. Anemia in the elderly: how should we define it, when does it mater, and what can be done? Mayo Clin Proc. 2007; 82(8): 958-966.
  5. Pennix BW, Pahor M, Woodman RC, Guralnick JM. Anemia in old age is associated with increased mortality and hospitalization. Biol Sci Med Sci. 2005; 60:474-479.
This GFF ___ my competence in geriatrics.

Nicholas Dreger, Thomas Giever DO, Patrick Foy MD, Gabriel Manzi MD, Kathryn Denson MD

Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin